A California Senate panel has approved a bill that is intended to prohibit cell phone use by young drivers in the state.
The Senate Transportation and Housing Committee voted 8-2 to advance a bill – SB33 – to the Senate floor that would make it illegal for drivers with instruction permits, student or provisional licenses to use any type of cell phone, send text messages or work on laptops. It would exempt emergency phone calls.
The bill sponsor, Sen. Joe Simitian, D-Palo Alto, is also the sponsor of a bill signed into law in fall 2006 that prohibits drivers of all ages from using hand-held cell phones. The new law, which takes effect in July 2008, permits talking on a phone equipped with a hands-free device.
Among the exemptions listed in the new law are for using push-to-talk two-way, or walkie-talkie, devices that are popular in the trucking industry. The two-way device exemption will be in place until July 1, 2011.
Simitian’s latest effort would take away mobile service devices from the state’s youngest motorists.
Like the new law, the bill would make violation of the restriction a secondary offense – meaning drivers would have to be pulled over for another violation before they could be ticketed for talking on the phone. Violators would face $20 fines. Repeat offenders would face $50 fines.
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger appears receptive to the bill.
“I think that we have to make an effort to do everything we can to make people pay attention to traffic,” he told The San Diego Union-Tribune.
This action in California follows a National Transportation Safety Board report that recommended novice drivers be prohibited from using cell phones while on the road.
The safety board reported that young drivers account for only 7 percent of the driving population but are involved in 15 percent of fatal accidents. Distracted drivers take 1.5 seconds longer to respond to hazards, the agency reported.
Currently, about a dozen states forbid young drivers to use phones while behind the wheel. In addition to California, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey are the only other states that have bans on all drivers from using hand-held phones.