June 2003 study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
concluded in part that passenger car drivers share a greater responsibility
for car/truck crashes than truckdrivers.
to the report, "An Analysis of Fatal Large Truck Crashes,"
rear-end fatal collisions where passenger cars strike commercial
motor vehicles are almost four times as likely as trucks rear-ending
head-on collisions with passenger cars in the truck's lane occur
more than 10 times as often as the truck encroaching in the passenger
car's lane. In addition, opposite direction sideswipes involving
a passenger car striking the truck in the truck's lane occur more
than 12 times as often as trucks encroaching on the passenger car.
study analyzed different types of fatal crashes involving passenger
vehicles and large trucks (more than 10,000 pounds GVWR). It was
done by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis to examine
the characteristics of large fatal truck crashes. Fatal crashes
involving single-unit and combination trucks were studied. Two-vehicle
crashes consisting of a large truck and one other vehicle were examined
for vehicle and driver-related factors.
study used data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)
from 1996 to 2000 and from the University of Michigan Transportation
Research Institute's Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents Survey.
Characteristics of large truck crashes, including rollovers and
jackknifes, were analyzed.
study concluded the following:
copy of the full report can be downloaded at: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/departments/nrd-30/ncsa/.