debate and major reshuffling of the bureaucracy, the Department
of Homeland Security started operating Jan. 24 as the government's
15th Cabinet department.
brings together 22 federal agencies with 170,000 employees in
the largest reorganization of the federal government since the
Defense Department was created in 1947.
It will be
led by Tom Ridge, the former Pennsylvania governor who received
Senate confirmation as the new department's secretary Jan. 22
and who was sworn in at the White House Jan. 24.
to oversee transportation security
currently head of the Drug Enforcement Administration, received
unanimous approval Jan. 23 from the Senate Commerce Committee
to become undersecretary of the department.
52, will be in charge of border and transportation security, overseeing
such agencies as the Customs Service, the Transportation Security
Administration and the federal law enforcement training center.
hearings Jan. 22, members of the Senate Commerce Committee urged
Hutchinson to quickly improve port and air cargo security, bolster
border patrols and coordinate with state and local officials.
With a first-year
budget expected to be around $33 billion, the department will
combine the Secret Service, Coast Guard, Customs Service, Immigration
and Naturalization Service, Transportation Security Administration,
Federal Emergency Management Agency and other agencies with security-related