Saying that the California law is “incompatible” with federal regulations, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration granted petitions to pre-empt the state’s meal and rest break rules.
FMCSA announced its decision to grant the petitions from the American Trucking Associations and the Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association on Friday, Dec. 21. The pre-emption applies only to property-carrying truck drivers who are subject to federal hours-of-service regulations, meaning that nothing will change for California intrastate drivers who aren’t subject to federal hours-of-service regulations. The pre-emption also doesn’t apply to commercial bus or motorcoach drivers.
The agency’s determination is specific to the California meal and rest break laws.
“Safety is FMCSA’s top priority and having uniform rules is a key component to increasing safety for our truck drivers,” FMCSA Administrator Ray Martinez said in a news release. “During the public comment period, FMCSA heard directly from drivers, small-business owners and industry stakeholders that California’s meal and rest rules not only pose a safety risk but also lead to a loss in productivity and, ultimately, hurt American consumers.”
California’s meal and rest break laws generally require employers to provide employees with an off-duty 30-minute break for every five hours worked and a 10-minute off-duty break for every four-hour period. The law has led to numerous class action lawsuits against trucking companies.
ATA petitioned the agency in September, and the Specialized Carriers and Rigging Association followed with a similar petition in October. ATA’s petition stated that the California laws weren’t practical for the transportation industry and that they undermine safety.
“By arbitrarily forcing trucks off the road more frequently, state rules like California’s also contribute to a critical shortage of truck parking, with serious safety implications,” ATA wrote.
FMCSA rejected a similar petition from ATA regarding California’s break laws in 2008. At that time, the agency said ATA “provided no evidence that these breaks undermine safety,” and that the meal and rest breaks at issue were not “on commercial motor vehicle safety” and did not fall within the scope of the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act, which pre-empts states from enacting or enforcing policies “related to a price, route, or service of any motor carrier.”
However, FMCSA granted the petition this time around.
“California’s law is incompatible with federal regulations and causes a disruption in interstate commerce,” FMCSA wrote in its news release. “In addition, the confusing and conflicting requirements are overly burdensome for drivers and reduce productivity, increasing costs for consumers. Additionally, safety issues have likely resulted from the lack of adequate parking solutions for trucks in the state.”
The petition received more than 700 public comments submitted to the Federal Register. The comments can be viewed here.
OOIDA submitted its comments in October, saying that ATA’s petition provided the agency no reason to reverse its previous decision on the issue.
“More than a decade ago, FMCSA rejected a similar petition that was submitted to FMCSA,” OOIDA wrote in comments signed by President Todd Spencer. “In its decision, the agency noted that California’s meal and rest break laws are not regulations pertaining to commercial motor vehicle safety, not unique to transportation, and the petition exceeded FMCSA’s congressional grant of authority. There is nothing in ATA’s petition that addresses these issues or would otherwise cause the agency to reverse its earlier decision.”
OOIDA said ATA’s motives are about driver productivity rather than safety.
“Contrary to ATA’s assertion, California’s meal and rest break laws do not undermine highway safety, nor is there any validated data in their petition to justify said claim,” OOIDA wrote. “ATA’s primary motive to preempt these laws is to maximize driver productivity, which they make abundantly clear in the petition.”
With that said, OOIDA is not advocating similar meal and rest break laws to be added to the federal hours-of-service regulations.
“California’s meal and rest break laws should be carefully analyzed and resolved by Congress or the judiciary or both,” OOIDA wrote. “Unfortunately, ATA’s legislative strategy intentionally rejected a more measured and reasonable approach, thus denying this issue the thoughtful attention it deserves. To be clear, OOIDA doesn’t necessarily support California’s meal and rest break laws either. In fact, if FMCSA were to propose similar changes to the federal HOS regulations, OOIDA would be adamantly opposed.”
Doug Morris, OOIDA’s director of security operations, said the decision is likely to prompt a lawsuit from the state of California and others.
“You’re going to see all kind of litigation on this,” Morris said. “This isn’t the end.”
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