Fire and Ice
The Regs

ARIZONA
Maricopa County
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• $100 first violation
• $300 second and subsequent violations
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic or adverse weather conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• HOS compliance
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

 

CALIFORNIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Minimum $300
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Queuing beyond 100 feet of residential units
• Adverse weather conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency vehicles
• California low-NOx idling compliant trucks

 

City of Sacramento
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• Prohibits reefer operation within 100 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading
FINES
• Not less than $100 and not more than $25,000 per violation
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/control
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

 

Placer County (NE of Sacramento)
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• Prohibits reefer operation within 1,000 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading
FINES
• $50 minimum
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/control
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop
• Operate intermittent equipment
• Alternatively fueled vehicles
• Attainment areas where air meets EPA quality standards
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown and not to exceed three to five minutes.

 

COLORADO Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
FINES
• $150 maximum and up to $500 for repeat offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• HOS compliance at a truck/rest stop or legal parking area at least 1,000 feet from a residential area, school, daycare or hospital
• Less than 10 degrees for a maximum of 20 minutes per hour

 

City of Aspen
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• $1,000 maximum and/or 1 year of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Safety reasons
• To achieve an engine temperature of
120 degrees and an air pressure of
100 pounds per square inch

City and County of Denver
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• Not more than $999 and/or 1 year of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Less than 20 degrees for previous 24-hour period
• Less than 10 degrees
• Emergency vehicles
• Traffic conditions
• Being serviced
• Auxiliary equipment


CONNECTICUT Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $5,000 per week
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Ensure safety or health of driver/passengers
• Auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Less than 20 degrees
• Maintenance
• Queuing to access military installation
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

 

DELAWARE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees
• No limit if less than minus 10 degrees
FINES
• $50 to $500 per offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Repair
• Emergency vehicles
• Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff
• Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment
• Vehicle safety inspections
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 5 minutes if less than 32 degrees
FINES
• $500, doubles for each subsequent violation
EXEMPTIONS
• Power takeoff

FLORIDA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
EXEMPTIONS
• While driver is sleeping/resting in sleeper berth (expires September 2013)
• While stopped for traffic conditions beyond driver's control
• To operate heat, A/C to prevent health/safety emergency
• To operate auxiliary equipment, lift, cement mixer, etc.

 

GEORGIA
City of Atlanta
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
• 25 minutes if below 32 degrees for passenger comfort/safety
FINES
• $500 minimum
EXEMPTIONS
• To perform needed work
• Traffic conditions
• Natural gas or electric vehicles

 

HAWAII Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes for start up/cool down
FINES
• $25 to $2,500 per day
EXEMPTIONS
• Adjustment or repair
• Auxiliary equipment or power takeoff

 

ILLINOIS
Cities of Aux Sable, Goose Lake,
and Oswego
Counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake,
Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison,
St. Clair, Monroe

TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes within any 60-minute period
• 30 minutes within any 60-minute period: waiting to weigh, load or unload freight
• No limit when less than 32 degrees or more than 80 degrees
FINES
• $90 first conviction
• $500 for second and subsequent convictions in a 12-month period
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent a safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Service or repair
• Government inspection
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Queuing

 

City of Chicago
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes in any 60-minute period
• No limit when less than 32 degrees or more than 80 degrees
FINES
• $250
EXEMPTIONS
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Service or repair of government inspection
• Traffic conditions
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Mechanical difficulties
• Exhaust filter (DPR) regeneration


MAINE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any one-hour period
• Additional 15 minutes per hour if temperature is between zero and
32 degrees
FINES
• $25 to $500 for first offense
• $150 to $500 FINES for each subsequent offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Zero degrees or colder
• Traffic conditions
• Operation of defrosters, heaters or A/C to prevent safety or health emergency
• Operation of heaters or A/C while waiting to load/unload
• Maintenance, servicing, repair or diagnostics
• State or federal inspections
• Emergency vehicles
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within 30 days


MARYLAND Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not less than $500
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Heating, cooling and auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications*
• Accomplish intended use
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.


MASSACHUSETTS Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not less than $100 for first offense
• Not more than $500 for each subsequent offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Being serviced
• Delivery for which power is needed and alternatives unavailable
• Associate power needed and alternatives unavailable

MICHIGAN
City of Detroit
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in a 60-minute period
FINES
• Warning for first offense
• $150 to operator and/or $500 to owner for second offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Emergency vehicles
• If the vehicle is motionless for less than two hours and the temperature is less than 25 degrees
• State inspections
• Hybrid vehicle recharging or alternative fuel powered vehicles

 

MINNESOTA
City of Minneapolis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in a 60-minute period
• No shipper or receiver may cause a truck to idle 30 minutes in any 60-minute period while waiting to or in the act of loading or unloading
FINES
• $700 maximum and/or 90 days of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or compliance with traffic signals or signs
• Operation of defrosters, heaters or A/C to prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repair or diagnostics
• State or federal inspections
• Powder work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods
• A/C or heat in an occupied vehicle waiting to load or unload
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within a specific number of days

 

City of Owatonna
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes each 5 hours in residential areas
FINES
• $1,000 maximum and/or 90 days of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• None

City of St. Cloud
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes, West Germain Street from 8th to 10th Avenues
FINES
• Not more than $200
EXEMPTIONS
• None


MISSOURI
Counties of Clay, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Platte, St. Charles, St. Louis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any hour
• 30 minutes per hour when waiting to load or unload
FINES
• No data available
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent safety/health emergency
• Emergency purposes
• Maintenance/repair
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• During government-mandated rest periods
• Mechanical difficulties
• APUs

 

City of St. Louis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any hour
• 10 minutes if less than
32 degrees
FINES
• Up to $100
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Power for auxiliary purposes
• Traffic or adverse weather conditions
• Repair or diagnostics
• Engaged in the delivery of goods

 

St. Louis County
TIME LIMIT
• 3 consecutive minutes
FINES
• Maximum $1,000 and/or 1 year of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Operating a loading, unloading, or processing device
• Emergency vehicles

 

NEVADA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• $100 to $500 for first offense
• $500 to $1,000 for second offense
• $1,000 to $1,500 for third offense
• $1,500 to $2,500 for fourth and more offenses within a three-year period
EXEMPTIONS
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Maintenance at repair facility
• Emission contained and treated per commission
• To perform specific task

 

Clark County
(including Las Vegas)
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $10,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Emission contained and treated per control officer
• To perform a specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility

 

Washoe County
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $250 for first offense
• Not less than $250 or more than $500 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traveling on public rights-of-way
• To perform specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility

 

NEW HAMPSHIRE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes if more than
32 degrees
• 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees
FINES
• To be determined
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency vehicles
• Power takeoff or heat/cool passengers
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• Less than 10 degrees

 

NEW JERSEY Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 15 minutes if stopped for 3 or more hours and less than 25 degrees
FINES
• $100 for first offense
• $200 for second offense
• $500 for third offense
• $1,500 for subsequent offenses
Penalties for commercial vehicle and property owner
• $250 for first offense
• $500 for second offense
• $1000 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Mechanical operations
• Waiting or being inspected
• Performing emergency services
• Being repaired or serviced
• APU/generator set, bunk heaters etc.
• Sleeper berth with 2007 or newer engine or diesel particulate filter

 

NEW YORK Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not less than $375 or more than $15,000 for first offense
• Not more than $22,500 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Auxiliary power or maintenance
• Emergency vehicles
• Within mines or quarries
• Parked for more than 2 hours and less than 25 degrees
• State inspections
• Farm vehicles

 

City of New Rochelle
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Up to $50 and/or 15 days in jail for first offense
• Up to $100 and/or 45 days in jail for second offense within 18 months
• Up to $250 and/or 90 days in jail for subsequent offenses within 18 months
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Auxiliary power or maintenance
• Emergency vehicles
• Within mines or quarries
• Parked for more than 2 hours and less than 25 degrees
• State inspections
• Farm vehicles

 

New York City
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 1 minute if adjacent to a public school
FINES
• $50 to $500 and/or 20 days in jail on first offense
• $100 to $1,000 and/or up to 30 days in jail on second offense
• $400 to $5,000 and/or up to 4 months on subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Operate loading, unloading or processing device

 

Rockland County
TIME LIMIT
• 3 consecutive minutes
FINES
• Not more than $250 and/or 15 days in jail on first offense
• Nor more than $1,000 and/or 15 days in jail on second and subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Power for auxiliary purposes
• Maintenance
• Performing emergency services

 

NORTH CAROLINA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any hour
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Manufacturer's recommendations
• APUs
• California low-NOx idling label
• Safety or health emergency
• Heavy-duty farm vehicles

 

OHIO
City of Cleveland
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 10 minutes per hour at loading docks or loading areas
• 10 minutes per hour if less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeping or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Street or highway surface work including construction, cleaning and snow removal if the operator is in the vehicle

 

City of Maple Heights
Time
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 10 minutes per hour at loading docks or loading areas
• 10 minutes per hour if less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeping or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Street or highway surface work including construction, cleaning and snow removal if the operator is in the vehicle

 

City of South Euclid
Time
• 0 minutes
• 20 minutes per hour during loading and/or unloading
• No limit when less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• $50 for the first conviction
• $150 for second and subsequent convictions in a 12-month period
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeper or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Queuing

 

OREGON Statewide
(Effective Jan. 1, 2012)
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 30 minutes if waiting to or in the act of loading or unloading
• No idling near schools, regardless of temperature
FINES
• $180
EXEMPTIONS
• APUs
• Cargo temperature control to maintain cargo
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Mechanical difficulties
• Operating defrosting, heating or air conditioners
• Installing equipment to comply with manufacturer's specifications
• Installing equipment to comply with state or local safety regulations
• Emergency vehicles
• Maintenance, service, repair or diagnostic purposes for particulate matter trap regeneration
• Power work-related operations
• Temperatures below 50 degrees or above 75 degrees during rest or sleep period or while waiting to load or unload

 

City of Ashland
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• To operate equipment used to load or unload
• Emergency vehicles

 

PENNSYLVANIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 15 minutes an hour if sampling, weighing, or loading or unloading
FINES
• $150 to $300 per offense plus civil penalties up to $1000
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergencies
• Comply with manufacturer's specifications
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance or repair
• Federal or state inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Security inspections entering or exiting a facility
• Mechanical difficulties
• Within mines or quarries
• Vehicles with CARB low-NOx idle labels

 

Allegheny County
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• 20 minutes per hour if less than 40 degrees or more than 75 degrees
FINES
• Warning for first offense
• $100 for second offense
• $500 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Queuing (waiting in line)
• Cool down/warm up per manufacturer's recommendations
• Sleeping/resting in truck
• Safety inspections
• Ensure safe operation
• Emergency vehicles
• Power accessory or service equipment
• Repair or diagnostics

 

City of Philadelphia
TIME LIMIT
• 2 minutes, or 0 minutes for layovers
• 5 minutes if less than
32 degrees
• 20 minutes if less than
20 degrees
FINES
• $300
EXEMPTIONS
• None


RHODE ISLAND Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
• 15 minutes per hour when between zero and 32 degrees
• No limit when below zero
FINES
• Not more than $100 for first offense
• Not more than $500 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Ensure health or safety of driver/passengers
• Power work-related operations
• Manufacturer's recommendations
• Maintenance
• State or federal inspections
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• APU/generator set

SOUTH CAROLINA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• $75 for each offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during (a) rest or sleep periods; (b) less than 40 degrees or higher than 80 degrees; or (c) at rest areas, terminals, truck stops, or legal parking locations less than 500 feet from homes or schools
• While waiting to load/unload
• APUs


TEXAS
Cities of Arlington, Austin, Bastrop, Benbrook, Cedar Hill, Celina, Colleyville, Dallas, Elgin, Euless, Georgetown, Hurst, Hutto, Keene, Lake Worth, Lancaster, Little Elm, Lockhart, Luling, Mabank, McKinney, Mesquite, North Richland Hills, Pecan Hill, Round Rock, San Marcos, University Park and Westlake
Counties of Bastrop, Caldwell, Collin, Hays, Kaufman, Tarrant, Travis and Williamson

TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes from April to October
FINES
• Varies by jurisdiction
EXEMPTIONS
• 14,000 pounds GVW or less
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement
• To perform needed work
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• EPA-certified 2008 model year or newer trucks

 

UTAH Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• Cannot leave running unattended
FINES
• Not more than $750 and/or not more than 90 days of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• None

 

Salt Lake County
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• Up to $1,000 and/or up to 6 months in jail on first offense
• Up to $2,500 and/or up to 1 year in jail on second and subsequent offenses within 2 years
EXEMPTIONS
• Reefer unit if more than 500 feet from any residence
• To heat/cool sleeper-berth if more than 500 feet from any residence
• Emergency vehicles

 

VIRGINIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes in commercial or residential urban areas
FINES
• Not more than $25,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Auxiliary power
• 10 minutes to minimize restart problems

 

WEST VIRGINIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes in any 60-minute period
FINES
• Up to $300
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Comply with manufacturer's specifications or federal or state safety regulations
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, particulate matter trap regeneration, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Security inspections when entering or exiting a facility
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within 30 days
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during (a) rest or sleep periods; (b) less than 40 degrees or higher than 75 degrees; or (c) at rest areas, terminals, truck stops, or legal parking locations (Exemption expires May 1, 2012.)
• Waiting for a police escort for permitted load
• California low-NOx idling
• Truck powered by clean diesel technology or biodiesel fuels

This list is a compilation of information from: Land Line Magazine coverage; the American Trucking Research Institute (updated in January 2010); the EPA; and California Air Resources Board. This information is intended to be a general overview and may not be complete. It should not be relied upon as a complete source of state county and local restrictions.