By Charlie Morasch
Each year, the California Air Resources Board introduces new rules that affect trucking. But now 2010 will mark the first full year of enforcement for several new CARB emissions regulations, including the following:
In possibly the agency’s most infamous regulation, trucks are prohibited from idling for more than five minutes. Since 2008, even sleeper time is not exempted from the measure.
Any truck entering a California port must be registered with CARB – a requirement that began on Oct. 1. Beginning Jan. 1, 2010, trucks with 1993 or older engines are prohibited at ports and intermodal rail yards. Also on New Year’s Day, trucks with 1994-2003 model year engines must be equipped with a CARB-approved diesel particulate filter.
The CARB port rule is different from local port plans adopted by ports at Los Angeles, Long Beach and Oakland, which have their own equipment limits.
The Port of Oakland allows one visit annually by trucks hauling certain perishable food items, but says it will block otherwise non-compliant trucks beginning on Jan. 1, 2010.
The reefer rule which CARB calls its transport refrigeration unit or TRU rule – officially takes effect on Dec. 31. Trucks pulling reefers seven years or older must have the reefer retrofitted by a CARB-approved device.
Also, every California-based trucking business that has a reefer must be registered with CARB. CARB also strongly encourages out-of-state carriers to register with the agency, though registration from those businesses is voluntary.
Truck and bus
(aka the retrofit rule)
CARB told Land Line in late October that the truck and bus rule will begin being implemented as scheduled on Jan. 1. For most small trucking businesses – including fleets of one to three trucks – most changes won’t take place until 2016. At that point, 2003 and newer trucks will have to be equipped with particulate matter filters. Starting in 2021, 2007 and older engines will need to be replaced. See the graph for a further breakdown.
CARB Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Regulation
(EPA SmartWay rule)
All heavy-duty diesel trucks that pull 53-foot trailers are required to be equipped with SmartWay-verified low-rolling-resistance tires by Jan. 1, 2012.
2011 model year and newer tractors with sleeper berths that pull 53-foot trailers must be SmartWay certified. 2011 model year and newer tractors with day cabs must have low-rolling-resistance tires by Jan. 1, 2010.
Fifty-three foot trailers that are 2011 model year and newer must be either SmartWay-certified or retrofitted with some combination of SmartWay-verified technologies that can include trailer rear fairings, trailer side skirts, trailer front gap fairings or other technologies.