By Charlie Morasch
U.S Rep. Henry Waxman rebuked Secretary of Transportation Mary Peters in late September for allegedly trying to convince the EPA to block California from regulating greenhouse gas emissions.
According to Waxman, a Democrat from California, Peters orchestrated an apparently unprecedented lobbying effort with the White House. Federal employees were to carry out the lobbying effort.
California is one of 12 states that have adopted laws restricting greenhouse gas emissions from cars and trucks, although the Environmental Protection Agency must approve a waiver sought by California for those states before the laws can be enforced in any of the states.
The automotive industry has fought California’s plan on greenhouse gases by saying that emissions limits imposed by individual states will create a “patchwork” of laws for citizens and car companies to deal with. That industry and the EPA have lost court cases on the issue in Connecticut and the U.S. Supreme Court.
Waxman – chairman of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform – was scheduled to chair a hearing in late September titled “Lobbying by the U.S. Department of Transportation Against State Actions to Address Climate Change.” The hearing was canceled and had not been rescheduled by late September, an employee at the committee office confirmed to Land Line.
In a letter that Waxman wrote to James Connaughton, chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality, Waxman said he asked Peters to “provide the committee all documents” related to California’s waiver request, the EPA and the White House regarding California’s request.
Through his investigation of documents and interviews with former White House and DOT officials, Waxman said he learned “that senior administration officials initiated an organized, systematic effort to lobby members of Congress and state governors to oppose California’s petition for a Clean Air Act waiver. This lobbying effort was personally directed by the Secretary of Transportation, Mary Peters, apparently approved by your Chief of Staff in the White House Council on Environmental Quality and coordinated with the motor vehicle industry.”
According to Waxman’s letter, an e-mail from Jeff Shane, undersecretary of transportation for policy, showed Peters had her staff develop a plan to oppose California’s emissions limits.
“(Peters) asked that we develop some ideas ASAP about facilitating a pushback from governors (especially D’s) and others opposed to piecemeal regulation of emissions, as per CA’s waiver petition. She has heard that such objections could have an important effect on the way Congress looks at the issue,” one e-mail read.
Peters offered to personally contact at least one U.S. representative, and DOT worked with The Auto Alliance to find congressional districts with automotive industry jobs. The DOT would then plan to target congressmen whose districts had the most automotive jobs, Waxman said.
“Just hit the members/senators with the really big facilities …staff should reach out to the govs offices in TN, SC, MO, DE, KY, IN, TX,” one e-mail read.
The efforts appear to have come from the White House as well.
Several e-mails obtained by Waxman showed that having the White House’s backing was a concern of Peters’, and that the White House did not want DOT to publicize the agency’s opposition to California’s waiver request.
Marty Hall, chief of staff for the White House Council on Environmental Quality, would not confirm or deny White House involvement in the DOT’s campaign. He said he could not remember specifics.
“At least 20 times during the interview, he responded to questions about his knowledge of the lobbying campaign with variations of ‘I don’t recall,’ ” Waxman wrote.
Waxman said DOT officials didn’t want their lobbying efforts to be publicized.
Waxman obtained several e-mails between DOT officials that included phrases such as “we are a bit concerned … appears to sound more like lobbying … looking back, I may have said more than I should have,” and “the last e-mail isn’t a good conversation for e-mail.”
“This involvement should be
transparent and based on the merits,” Waxman wrote.
“If Secretary Peters has concerns about whether California’s application meets the legal standards set forth in the Clean Air Act, she should submit comments to EPA making her case. Instead of taking this action, however, she apparently sought and received White House approval to use taxpayer funds to mount a lobbying campaign designed to inject political considerations into the decision.”
Waxman’s criticism of the DOT appears to come at a critical juncture for emissions laws across the United States. About a dozen states have approved greenhouse gas regulations on emissions for cars and light trucks, and those states are allowed to have standards more stringent than the EPA only if the waiver sought by California is granted.
At press time in mid-October it was unknown whether California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger would be faced with having to follow through on his threat to sue EPA if the waiver for his state wasn’t granted by the end of October.
EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson has said he will make a decision on the waiver by Dec. 31. LL